BFF-43 Highest temperatures for 40 years in Norwegian Arctic archipelago





Highest temperatures for 40 years in Norwegian Arctic archipelago

OSLO, July 25, 2020 (BSS/AFP) – Norway’s Arctic archipelago Svalbard
on Saturday recorded its highest temperature for over 40 years, almost
equal to the all-time record, the country’s meteorological institute

According to scientific study, global warming in the Arctic is
happening twice as fast as the rest of the planet.

For the second day in a row, the archipelago registered 21.2
degrees Celsius (70.2 Fahrenheit) of heat in the afternoon, just under
the 21.3 degrees recorded in 1979, meteorologist Kristen Gislefoss
told AFP.

The island group, dominated by Spitzbergen the only inhabited isle
in the northern Norway archipelago, sits 1,000 kilometres (620 miles)
from the North Pole.

The relative heatwave, expected to last until Monday, is a huge
spike of normal temperatures in July, the hottest month in the Arctic,

The Svalbard islands would normally expect to be seeing
temperatures of 5-8 degrees Celsius at this time of year.

The region has seen temperatures five degrees above normal since
January, peaking at 38 degrees in Siberia in mid-July, just beyond the
Arctic Circle.

According to a recent report “The Svalbard climate in 2100,” the
average temperatures for the archipelago between 2070 and 2100 will
rise by 7-10 degrees, due to the levels of greenhouse gas emissions.

Changes are already visible. From 1971 to 2017 between three and
five degrees of warming have been observed, with the biggest rises in
the winter, according to the report.

Svalbard, known for its polar bear population, houses both a coal
mine, digging out the most global warming of all energy sources, and a
“doomsday’ seed vault which has since 2008 collected stocks of the
world’s agricultural bounty in case of global catastrophe

The vault required 20 million euros ($23.3 million) worth of work
after the infiltration of water due to thawing permafrost in 2016.