India orders closure of Vedanta plant after deadly protests
NEW DELHI, May 28, 2018 (BSS/AFP) – Indian authorities on Monday ordered
the permanent closure of a controversial copper plant, which was at the
centre of deadly protests last week with 13 people killed by police fire.
The violence erupted when thousands marched in southern Tamil Nadu state
last week, demanding the closure of the factory owned by British-based mining
giant Vedanta Resources over fears that it was polluting the environment.
In an order Monday, the state government said it supported concerns raised
by its pollution regulator about the Sterlite Copper factory located outside
Tuticorin city, and ordered it be shut permanently.
“In the larger public interest, the government endorse the closure
direction of the Tamil Nadu Pollution Control Board and also direct the Tamil
Nadu Pollution Control Board to seal the unit and plant permanently,” the
The pollution board last week ordered that electricity to the factory —
the second-largest copper smelter in India — be switched off.
It also instructed the company to cease all activities at the plant until a
decision had been made on its pending application to renew its operational
Last week Tamil Nadu’s high court also ruled against a request to double
the factory’s annual production of 400,000 metric tonnes.
Months of opposition to the smelter culminated in two days of violence last
week in which 13 demonstrators were shot dead by police as cars and public
offices were torched.
The killings caused outrage, with state opposition leaders accusing the
government of perpetrating “mass murder”.
The plant had been undergoing maintenance for weeks but partially resumed
operations this month, sparking outcry from opponents who say it is
responsible for polluting air and water.
Critics also say the factory poses health risks to the nearly half a
million people living nearby, a charge denied by the company.
Indian-born billionaire Anil Agarwal, who is chairman of Vedanta Resources,
last week expressed sadness over the shooting but vowed to restart
The company claims to directly employ nearly 3,500 people and support
another 40,000 indirectly in Tuticorin.
Sterlite CEO P. Ramnath had said last week the company would mount a court
challenge to the pollution board’s ruling to suspend operations.
There was no immediate reaction from the company to the state’s closure