WIELUN, Poland, Sept 1, 2019 (BSS/AFP) – German President Frank-Walter
Steinmeier on Sunday asked Poland’s forgiveness for history’s bloodiest
conflict during a ceremony in the Polish city of Wielun, where the first
World War II bombs fell 80 years ago.
“I bow my head before the victims of the attack on Wielun. I bow my head
before the Polish victims of Germany’s tyranny. And I ask forgiveness,”
Steinmeier said in both German and Polish.
Poland suffered some of the worst horrors of World War II: nearly six
million Poles died in the conflict that killed more than 50 million people
That figure includes the six million Jews who died in the Holocaust, half
of them Polish.
“It is the Germans who committed a crime against humanity in Poland. Anyone
who claims it is over, that the national-socialists’ reign of terror over
Europe is a marginal event in German history judges that for himself,”
Steinmeier added in the presence of his Polish counterpart.
The line appeared to be a clear reference to the German far-right, whose
co-leader Alexander Gauland once called the 12-year Third Reich a “speck of
bird poop” in an otherwise glorious German past.
“We will never forget. We want to remember and we will remember,”
Polish President Andrzej Duda for his part denounced Nazi Germany’s attack
on Poland, calling it “an act of barbarity” and “a war crime.”
“I am convinced that this ceremony will go down in the history of Polish-
German friendship,” he added, thanking Steinmeier for his presence.
– ‘Smoke, noise, explosions’ –
The heads of state will later tour the Wielun museum and meet with local
survivors of the September 1, 1939 bombing.
“I saw dead bodies, the wounded… Smoke, noise, explosions. Everything was
burning,” Wielun bombing survivor Tadeusz Sierandt, 88, told AFP ahead of the
The carpet-bombing came one week after Germany and the Soviet Union
secretly agreed to carve up Eastern Europe between them by signing the
Polish Prime Minister Mateusz Morawiecki and European Commission Vice
President Frans Timmermans attended a separate dawn remembrance Sunday in
Westerplatte, where a Nazi German battleship opened fire on a Polish fort on
September 1, 1939.
Hitler’s attacks on Poland led Britain and France to declare war on Nazi
Germany. On September 17, the Soviet Union in turn invaded Poland.
After the Nazis tore up the pact with Moscow, two alliances battled it out
to the end: the Axis powers led by Germany, Italy and Japan and the
victorious Allied forces led by Britain, the Soviet Union and the United
Later Sunday, US Vice President Mike Pence, Steinmeier and Duda will
deliver speeches at a ceremony in Warsaw’s Pilsudski Square, the site of the
Tomb of the Unknown Soldier. – No Johnson, Putin, Trump –
Though it has been 80 years since the war started, there are still
unresolved matters according to Poland, which says Germany owes it war
A parliamentary commission is currently working on a new analysis of the
extent of Poland’s wartime human and material losses. Berlin, however,
believes the case is closed.
German Chancellor Angela Merkel will attend the Warsaw ceremony, but no
other major world leaders are expected.
US President Donald Trump had planned to attend the war commemorations but
cancelled at the last minute so that he could monitor Hurricane Dorian.
Also not attending are French President Emmanuel Macron and British Prime
Minister Boris Johnson, while Russian President Vladimir Putin was not
invited — unlike 10 years ago — because of Moscow’s 2014 annexation of
Crimea from Ukraine.
The Polish presidency had said the commemorations would be attended by
around 40 foreign delegations, a few of them led by heads of state.
They include Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky whose partnership
matters to Poland, which believes its security depends on Ukraine remaining
outside of Russia’s sphere of influence.
Duda said Poland wants neighbour “Ukraine to be closer to the European
Union, to be closer to NATO” after meeting with Zelensky in Warsaw on